Comparison with deductive reasoning[ edit ] Argument terminology Unlike deductive arguments, inductive reasoning allows for the possibility that the conclusion is false, even if all of the premises are true. An example of induction would be "B, C, and D are observed to be true therefore A might be true". A is a reasonable explanation for B, C, and D being true.
Posted on August 16, by Scott Alexander [Content note: May be guilt-inducing for people who feel like burdens. All patient characteristics have been heavily obfuscated to protect confidentiality. People get depressed over all sorts of things.
Depression is in part a disease of distorted cognitions, a failure of rationality. I had one patient who worked for GM, very smart guy, invented a lot of safety features for cars. In cases like these, you can do a little bit of good just by teaching people the fundamental lesson of rationality: So maybe depressed brains are not the most trustworthy arbiters on these sorts of issues.
Some people just have no easy outs. Had some brain damage a few years ago, now has cognitive problems and poor emotional control. Got denied for disability a few times, in accordance with the ancient bureaucratic tradition. Survives on a couple of lesser social programs he got approved for plus occasional charity handouts plus some help from his family.
Now he attempts suicide, says he feels like a burden on everyone around him. Well, what am I going to say? In the absence of better alternatives, I have used this strategy.
It always feels like the worst sort of emotional blackmail. Not helping them want to live, just making them feel really guilty about dying. We were here first. Maybe his cognitive problems would make him a slightly less proficient hunter than someone else, but whatever, he could always gather.
He might get in a fight and end up with a spear through his gut, but in that case his problems would be over anyway. Otherwise he could just hang out and live in a cave and gather roots and berries and maybe hunt buffalo and participate in the appropriate tribal bonding rituals like everyone else.
But society came and paved over the place where all the roots and berry plants grew and killed the buffalo and dynamited the caves and declared the tribal bonding rituals Problematic.
This increased productivity by about a zillion times, so most people ended up better off. Think of it as the ultimate use of eminent domain; a power beyond your control has seized everything in the world, it had some good economic reasons for doing so, but it at least owes you compensation!
This is also the basis of my support for a basic income guarantee.Aeon is a registered charity committed to the spread of knowledge and a cosmopolitan worldview. Our mission is to create a sanctuary online for serious thinking.
“A common sense interpretation of the facts suggests that a superintellect has monkeyed with physics, as well as with chemistry and biology, and that there are no blind forces worth speaking about in nature. August When people hurt themselves lifting heavy things, it's usually because they try to lift with their back.
The right way to lift heavy things is to let your legs do the work. “A common sense interpretation of the facts suggests that a superintellect has monkeyed with physics, as well as with chemistry and biology, and that there are no blind forces worth speaking about in nature.
I felt like a burden.
Then I discovered John Stuart Mill and Milton Friedman and they said “People deserve to determine the course of their own lives” and “you own yourself” and stuff like that and I started entertaining the idea that I deserved to live, by virtue of being human. (b) Find the probability that neither adult dines out more than once per week.
(c) Find the probability that at least one of the two adults dines out more than once per week. (d) Which of the events can be considered unusual? Explain.
Select all that apply. A. The event in part(b) is unusual because its probability is less than or equal to B.